The Treatment of Political Prisoners in South Vietnam by the Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, Hearing of the Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs of the Committee of Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, 93rd Congress, First Session, September 13, 1973

Catholic Church Documents

Pope John XXIII, Encyclical Pacem in Terris, 11 April 1963.

Pope Paul VI, Address to the United Nations, 4 October 1965.

Vatican II, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the World of Today, Gaudium et Spes, 7 December 1965

Pope Paul VI, Encyclical Christi Matri, 15 September 1966.


Ben Kiernan, Viet Nam: A History from Earliest Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, 2017.

Val Noone, Disturbing the War, Melbourne Catholics and the Vietnam War, Spectrum Publications, 1993.

Robert Willis, Breaking the Chains: A Catholic Memoir, iUniverse, New York-Lincoln-Shanghai, 2005.

Albert Hari, IYCW: 75 Years of Action, International Cardijn Foundation, Brussels, 2000.

Stefan Gigacz (ed.), Unite Young Workers: The IYCW in Asia-Pacific 1928-2000, International Cardijn Foundation, 2000.

Academic Theses

Tuan Huong, Ideology in Urban South Vietnam, Ph.D. thesis, University of Notre Dame, IN, USA, 2013.

Robert Allan Carey, Freedom in the Catholic Press: a case study of the Melbourne Advocate in the 1960s, Ph.D. thesis, Monash University, 2019.


Paul Wynants, De l’Action catholique spécialisée à l’utopie politique: Le changement de cap de la JOC francophone (1969-1974).

Claire Tran Thi Bich Lien, The Challenge for Peace within South Vietnam's Catholic Community: A history of peace activism, PEACE & CHANGE, Vol. 38, No. 4, October 2013

Stefan Gigacz, The YCW and the Vietnam War I (Cardijn Research)

Stefan Gigacz, Nguyen Manh Ha (Cardijn Pioneers)

Val Noone, A New Youth for a New Australia: Young Christian Workers around 1960.


Jim Douglas, Interview with Julia Tuohig, 2005 (J.D. Somerville Oral History Collection, State Library of South Australia)