Cardinal Joseph Cardijn: Founder of the JOC/YCW, Council Father at Vatican II.
Born 13 November 1882.
1916-17: Imprisoned by German occupying forces.
Died 24 July 1967.
|Independent Vietnam govt, September 1945, with Nguyen Manh Ha|
1945: Ho Chi Minh forms a short-lived independent government.
1954: French colonial forces defeated at Dien Bien Phu.
1954: Geneva Accord signed temporarily dividing Vietnam into north and south.
1963: South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem assassinated in a US backed coup.
1964: Tonkin incident leads to massive expansion of US forces in Vietnam and commitment of Australian personnel.
|Personnel and aircraft of RAAF Transport Flight Vietnam arrive in South Vietnam in August 1964|
Wikipedia / Australian War Memorial
1965: Holt government commits combat troops.
1965: Pope Paul VI visits United Nations and calls for Peace; Vatican II adopts its Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the World of Today, Gaudium et Spes, including chapter on peace and international issues.
1966: Advocate hardens its editorial line against conscription with cautious support from the Brisbane Catholic Leader.
1968: Tet Offensive impacts on world opinion.
|Speakers and participants at a demonstration that includes anti-Vietnam war banners, 4 July 1969|
State Library of NSW / Tribune / CC 4.0
1971: Vietnamese YCW leaders arrested and IYCW launches international solidarity campaign.
1972: Australian troops withdrawn.
1973: Paris Peace Accords signed providing for withdrawal of US forces from Vietnam.
1975: Vietnam re-united under the Democratic Republic of Vietnam after the defeat of South Vietnamese forces.